Commit 092a9718 authored by Wilke Pierre's avatar Wilke Pierre

mkfs...

parent 977a5967
......@@ -12,7 +12,7 @@ entryother
initcode
initcode.out
kernelmemfs
mkfs
mkfs/mkfs
kernel/kernel
user/usys.S
.gdbinit
......
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <assert.h>
#define stat xv6_stat // avoid clash with host struct stat
#include "kernel/types.h"
#include "kernel/fs.h"
#include "kernel/stat.h"
#include "kernel/param.h"
#ifndef static_assert
#define static_assert(a, b) do { switch (0) case 0: case (a): ; } while (0)
#endif
#define NINODES 200
// Disk layout:
// [ boot block | sb block | log | inode blocks | free bit map | data blocks ]
int nbitmap = FSSIZE/(BSIZE*8) + 1;
int ninodeblocks = NINODES / IPB + 1;
int nlog = LOGSIZE;
int nmeta; // Number of meta blocks (boot, sb, nlog, inode, bitmap)
int nblocks; // Number of data blocks
int fsfd;
struct superblock sb;
char zeroes[BSIZE];
uint freeinode = 1;
uint freeblock;
void balloc(int);
void wsect(uint, void*);
void winode(uint, struct dinode*);
void rinode(uint inum, struct dinode *ip);
void rsect(uint sec, void *buf);
uint ialloc(ushort type);
void iappend(uint inum, void *p, int n);
// convert to intel byte order
ushort
xshort(ushort x)
{
ushort y;
uchar *a = (uchar*)&y;
a[0] = x;
a[1] = x >> 8;
return y;
}
uint
xint(uint x)
{
uint y;
uchar *a = (uchar*)&y;
a[0] = x;
a[1] = x >> 8;
a[2] = x >> 16;
a[3] = x >> 24;
return y;
}
int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int i, cc, fd;
uint rootino, inum, off;
struct dirent de;
char buf[BSIZE];
struct dinode din;
static_assert(sizeof(int) == 4, "Integers must be 4 bytes!");
if(argc < 2){
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: mkfs fs.img files...\n");
exit(1);
}
assert((BSIZE % sizeof(struct dinode)) == 0);
assert((BSIZE % sizeof(struct dirent)) == 0);
fsfd = open(argv[1], O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC, 0666);
if(fsfd < 0){
perror(argv[1]);
exit(1);
}
// 1 fs block = 1 disk sector
nmeta = 2 + nlog + ninodeblocks + nbitmap;
nblocks = FSSIZE - nmeta;
sb.magic = FSMAGIC;
sb.size = xint(FSSIZE);
sb.nblocks = xint(nblocks);
sb.ninodes = xint(NINODES);
sb.nlog = xint(nlog);
sb.logstart = xint(2);
sb.inodestart = xint(2+nlog);
sb.bmapstart = xint(2+nlog+ninodeblocks);
printf("nmeta %d (boot, super, log blocks %u inode blocks %u, bitmap blocks %u) blocks %d total %d\n",
nmeta, nlog, ninodeblocks, nbitmap, nblocks, FSSIZE);
freeblock = nmeta; // the first free block that we can allocate
for(i = 0; i < FSSIZE; i++)
wsect(i, zeroes);
memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
memmove(buf, &sb, sizeof(sb));
wsect(1, buf);
rootino = ialloc(T_DIR);
assert(rootino == ROOTINO);
bzero(&de, sizeof(de));
de.inum = xshort(rootino);
strcpy(de.name, ".");
iappend(rootino, &de, sizeof(de));
bzero(&de, sizeof(de));
de.inum = xshort(rootino);
strcpy(de.name, "..");
iappend(rootino, &de, sizeof(de));
for(i = 2; i < argc; i++){
// get rid of "user/"
char *shortname;
if(strncmp(argv[i], "user/", 5) == 0)
shortname = argv[i] + 5;
else
shortname = argv[i];
assert(index(shortname, '/') == 0);
if((fd = open(argv[i], 0)) < 0){
perror(argv[i]);
exit(1);
}
// Skip leading _ in name when writing to file system.
// The binaries are named _rm, _cat, etc. to keep the
// build operating system from trying to execute them
// in place of system binaries like rm and cat.
if(shortname[0] == '_')
shortname += 1;
inum = ialloc(T_FILE);
bzero(&de, sizeof(de));
de.inum = xshort(inum);
strncpy(de.name, shortname, DIRSIZ);
iappend(rootino, &de, sizeof(de));
while((cc = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf))) > 0)
iappend(inum, buf, cc);
close(fd);
}
// fix size of root inode dir
rinode(rootino, &din);
off = xint(din.size);
off = ((off/BSIZE) + 1) * BSIZE;
din.size = xint(off);
winode(rootino, &din);
balloc(freeblock);
exit(0);
}
void
wsect(uint sec, void *buf)
{
if(lseek(fsfd, sec * BSIZE, 0) != sec * BSIZE){
perror("lseek");
exit(1);
}
if(write(fsfd, buf, BSIZE) != BSIZE){
perror("write");
exit(1);
}
}
void
winode(uint inum, struct dinode *ip)
{
char buf[BSIZE];
uint bn;
struct dinode *dip;
bn = IBLOCK(inum, sb);
rsect(bn, buf);
dip = ((struct dinode*)buf) + (inum % IPB);
*dip = *ip;
wsect(bn, buf);
}
void
rinode(uint inum, struct dinode *ip)
{
char buf[BSIZE];
uint bn;
struct dinode *dip;
bn = IBLOCK(inum, sb);
rsect(bn, buf);
dip = ((struct dinode*)buf) + (inum % IPB);
*ip = *dip;
}
void
rsect(uint sec, void *buf)
{
if(lseek(fsfd, sec * BSIZE, 0) != sec * BSIZE){
perror("lseek");
exit(1);
}
if(read(fsfd, buf, BSIZE) != BSIZE){
perror("read");
exit(1);
}
}
uint
ialloc(ushort type)
{
uint inum = freeinode++;
struct dinode din;
bzero(&din, sizeof(din));
din.type = xshort(type);
din.nlink = xshort(1);
din.size = xint(0);
winode(inum, &din);
return inum;
}
void
balloc(int used)
{
uchar buf[BSIZE];
int i;
printf("balloc: first %d blocks have been allocated\n", used);
assert(used < BSIZE*8);
bzero(buf, BSIZE);
for(i = 0; i < used; i++){
buf[i/8] = buf[i/8] | (0x1 << (i%8));
}
printf("balloc: write bitmap block at sector %d\n", sb.bmapstart);
wsect(sb.bmapstart, buf);
}
#define min(a, b) ((a) < (b) ? (a) : (b))
void
iappend(uint inum, void *xp, int n)
{
char *p = (char*)xp;
uint fbn, off, n1;
struct dinode din;
char buf[BSIZE];
uint indirect[NINDIRECT];
uint x;
rinode(inum, &din);
off = xint(din.size);
// printf("append inum %d at off %d sz %d\n", inum, off, n);
while(n > 0){
fbn = off / BSIZE;
assert(fbn < MAXFILE);
if(fbn < NDIRECT){
if(xint(din.addrs[fbn]) == 0){
din.addrs[fbn] = xint(freeblock++);
}
x = xint(din.addrs[fbn]);
} else {
if(xint(din.addrs[NDIRECT]) == 0){
din.addrs[NDIRECT] = xint(freeblock++);
}
rsect(xint(din.addrs[NDIRECT]), (char*)indirect);
if(indirect[fbn - NDIRECT] == 0){
indirect[fbn - NDIRECT] = xint(freeblock++);
wsect(xint(din.addrs[NDIRECT]), (char*)indirect);
}
x = xint(indirect[fbn-NDIRECT]);
}
n1 = min(n, (fbn + 1) * BSIZE - off);
rsect(x, buf);
bcopy(p, buf + off - (fbn * BSIZE), n1);
wsect(x, buf);
n -= n1;
off += n1;
p += n1;
}
din.size = xint(off);
winode(inum, &din);
}
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